Castagna L, Zanella A, Scaravilli V, Magni F, Deab SA, Introna M, Mojoli F, Grasselli G, Pesenti A, Patroniti N.
Gas exchange capabilities of polymethylpentene membrane lungs (MLs) worsen over time. ML deterioration is related to protein deposit and clot formation. Condensation and trapping of water vapor inside ML hollow fibers might affect ML performances as well. Increasing sweep gas flow (GF) could remove such fluid. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects on ML gas exchange of a recruitment maneuver (RM) based on a brief increase in GF, during veno-venous ECMO support. Short-term (15 min) effects of 20 RMs were assessed. RM raised ML CO2 removal from 149 ± 37 to 174 ± 41 ml/min (p < 0.001). Conversely, RM did not improve ML O2 transfer (155 ± 31 and 158 ± 31 ml/min before and after RM, respectively). ML outlet pCO2 decreased after RM from 51.2 ± 5.8 to 45.8 ± 5.4 mmHg (p < 0.001), while ML outlet pO2 increased from 520 ± 61 to 555 ± 51 mmHg (p < 0.001). Both ML dead space and shunt fractions decreased from 47.8 ± 15.3 to 29.6 ± 14.7 % (p < 0.001) and from 8.8 ± 4.2 to 7.0 ± 3.8 % (p < 0.001), respectively. Furthermore, a subset of 5 RMs was evaluated on a 6-h time frame. The beneficial effects on ML performances due to the RM gradually diminished and waned over a 6-h interval after the RM. The RM improved ML CO2 removal substantially, albeit temporarily. ML oxygenation performance was marginally affected.
J Artif Organs. 2015 Sep;18(3):213-9. doi: 10.1007/s10047-015-0831-3. Epub 2015 Mar 26